Socio-Economic Importance and Potential of Wild Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants of the Western Himalayas, India

  • Naveen Gautam Department of Bio-Sciences, School of Basic & Applied Sciences, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Gulshan Kumar Assistant Professor, Career Point University, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Kartar Singh Verma Former Vice Chancellor, Career Point University, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
Keywords: Ayurveda, Ethnobotany, Medicinal plants, Traditional knowledge, Western Himalaya


India's Ayurvedic medicine system is becoming popular worldwide because these medicines are based on natural herbal products and have no side effects on health; somewhat, it improves and strengthens the body's immunity. Today people’s awareness is increasing about health, the side effects of allopathy medicines on health, and their inclination and faith toward Ayurvedic treatments are railing with time. Ayurvedic medicine system is based on traditional herbal knowledge, identification of herbs in natural habitats, and formulations. The present study involves the survey and analysis of local healers of Shivalik hill in the Western Himalayas to discover the most used herbs and their economic potential from national and international market perspectives. Therefore, a survey and analysis were conducted in randomly selected 37 villages of six development blocks. The survey interviewed 195 local healers and people based on the scientifically designed questionnaire. During the 2019-2022, the thirty-one wild medicinal plant species were identified with, highlighting ten highly valued plants. These plants have high demand from local healers, vendors, or the pharma industry. Further analysis of the importance and value of each part of the plant shows this: leaves (15%), flowers (13%), roots (21%), seeds (27%), oil (2%), wood (4%), juice (11%), tuber (4%) and whole plant (4%). Study shows that local healers can. This study also emphasizes the cultivation of these herbal plants on a large scale and can potentially raise the financial status of local people and healers. The study highlights the potential of these herbal plants found in the study area to enhance rural livelihood and community resilience and calls for the integration of medicinal plants in conservation and development strategies.


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How to Cite
Naveen Gautam, Gulshan Kumar, & Kartar Singh Verma. (2023). Socio-Economic Importance and Potential of Wild Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants of the Western Himalayas, India. International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research, 11(3), 1-9.